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Joe Carmona

Welcome to Mr. Carmona’s Science Class 

Eukaryotic Cell Model Project Link

Watch, Listen, and Learn



Welcome students to your new campus; Ac2E Middle School. 




This is a powerful statement and therefore I expect all of you to give your best every single day in order to live up to this statement.





Regardless of what it is you are doing, there is a proper way to approach and execute the task. There are steps to follow and specific tools you will need in order to complete any project efficiently and skillfully. If you don’t know how to do something, for example install a ceramic backsplash, get as much information as you can from a reliable source so that you do not miss any important steps, use the wrong materials or attempt something outside of your skill set.


Thoughtful, detailed planning is so important when starting a project. Start by making lists that detail what you want to accomplish (scope of work), who will be involved (the design team and trades), and what will you need to make it all happen (the budget). Be specific and research each category so that very detail has been addressed and nothing has been overlooked.


 As the saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” It is always a good idea to have a Plan B firmly in place so that you are ready to address issues as they arise, and they will!  Establishing a backup plan will prevent costly delays that can occur during renovations.


If something is done poorly, why bother. Cutting corners to save money will result in poor workmanship and disappointing results. If you think hiring a professional is expensive, wait till you see how much an amateur costs!


If you keep focused and stay actively involved with each phase of your project, every member of your team will work together to produce the best possible results.


Density: Long Division


  Properties of Matter

o   Physical Properties

§  What are physical properties of matter?

§  List & Discuss common physical properties of matter.

o   Chemical Properties

§  What are chemical properties of matter?

o   What is the difference between physical & chemical properties?











Physical & Chemical Changes of Matter

  Physical & Chemical Changes

o   What are physical and chemical changes of matter?

o   Define Physical Change

§  Identify Physical Changes of matter

o   Define Chemical change

§  Identify Chemical Changes of matter

Law of Conservation of Mass & Energy

o   Describe & discuss the Law of Conservation of Mass & Energy

1st Six Weeks Exam Content
  •      Introduction to Matter: Practice Density Problems 
  •      Properties of Matter: Metals, Non Metals, & Metalloids;
    •     Practice Identifying Elements based on their properties.
  •      Changes of Matter: Physical and Chemical Changes of Matter
    •      Review process of identifying evidence of  a chemical reaction.
      •      6 Signs of a Chemical Reaction
    1.       Production of Gas
    2.       Change in Odor
    3.       Change in Color
    4.       Production of a precipitate
    5.       Production of Thermal Energy/  Change in Temperature
    6.       Production of Light and/or sound

Pure Substances vs Mixtures: Classifying Matter

Pure Substances: Breaking chemical bonds of compounds through a chemical reaction.
Mixtures: Separating Blood and Plasma using a centrifuge.
Beginnings of the Atomic Theory 
What are Atoms & Elements Video
Atoms Family Song
Development of Atomic Theory Rap
Atoms: Bill Nye The Science Guy
Introduction to Energy Video: Law of Conservation of Energy

Kinetic & Potential Energy: The Law of Conservation of Energy

·         Introduction to Energy

o   What is energy?

o   Compare kinetic and potential energy

·         Can objects have potential & kinetic energy at the same time?

·         Discuss gravitational potential energy; give examples

·         Describe mechanical energy

o   Is the sum of potential and kinetic energy:

o   Can be made up entirely of potential, entirely of kinetic, or both.







·         Discuss the different forms energy can take

o   Mechanical energy

o   Sound energy

o   Electromagnetic energy

o   Chemical energy

o   Thermal energy

o   Nuclear energy

o   Electrical energy

·          Examples of different forms of energy.


Answer Key for the Energy Transformations Game

Electromagnetic Energy:

This form of energy can travel through empty space as a transverse wave.

There are many different types of electromagnetic energy.

Examples of Electromagnetic Energy:

1. Radio waves

2. Microwaves

3. Infrared radiation

4. Visible light - all colors of the spectrum that we can see.

5. Ultraviolet light

6. X-rays

7. Gamma radiation


Kahoot: Atoms & Elements
Revised: Atoms, Elements, & Compounds

Kahoot: Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy

Science Fair Work Week (Novemeber 11th to 14th)

You only have until November 14th to complete your Display Boards, so take advantage of the time I am giving you in class to finish the project.

Bring any required materials to class in order to decorate and glue the required typed texts.


·         Science Fair Project Work Day

o   Continue to assemble & Decorate display boards



·         Science Fair Project Work Day

o   Finish typing Purpose, Hypothesis, and Materials

o   Begin typing  Data/Results/Analysis

o   Continue work on display board




·         Science Fair Project Due Date November 14th, 2019





·         Science Fair Project Final Day

o   Final day to complete Science Fair Display Board in CLASS.

·         Should have all required information on the Display Board or ready to glue on the display board.





Science Fair Project Format example


Science Fair Project Oral Presentation: Examples
Transfer of Thermal Energy:
Thermal energy always moves from higher concentrations (higher temp) 
to lower concentrations (lower temp.)
  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation
2020 is Here
Welcome Back!!!!
Motion & Reference Point
Average Speed?
Please make sure you know the process to arrive at the correct answers.
Key for homework
The Speed Triangle!!
Distance – Time Graphs
Crash Course: Motion (Overview)
Acceleration: Speed – Time Graphs
What is Acceleration and how do you calculate it?
Another explanation for, What is Acceleration?
Acceleration Practice Problems
Acceleration =  v2 – v1
1. A car driving west at 30 miles per hour suddenly accelerates to pass a slow-moving semi truck. If the car’s speed changed to 55 miles per hour over the 4 seconds it took to pass the semi-truck what was the car's acceleration when passing the semi truck?
Acceleration = _________________mi/hr/sec                                                                   Answer: 6.25 mi/hr/sec
2. If a modern sports car can go 0 to 60 miles per hour in 2.6 seconds what is the sports car acceleration rounded to the nearest tenth
Acceleration = _____________mi/hr/sec                            Answer:  23.08 mi/hr/sec
3. Julian had his first track meet yesterday and he participated in three events the long jump, discuss, and 300 meter race. If Julian got 3rd place in his 300 meter race with a time of 26.3 seconds and his average speed was 11.4 m/sec, what was his acceleration throughout the race? Round to the nearest tenth place.
Accelration =  ________________m/sec/sec                        Answer: 0.43 m/sec/sec       

Forces of Motion: Newton’s Laws of Motion


Newton's Laws
4th Six Weeks Exam Review
Click this: PDF Link

The Characteristics of Cells


o   What are living things made of?

o   Prokaryotic Cells

o   Eukaryotic Cells







·         The Cell Theory

o   Explain the cell theory

Contributions to cell theory: Robert Hooke, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Theodor Schwann, and Rudolf Virchow.





·         The Cell Theory

o   Compare unicellular and multicellular organisms



·         Compare the 2 types of cells

o   Compare prokaryotes and eukaryotes

o   Identify the parts that all cells have in common.


Eukaryotic Cells: Plant cell Vs Animal cell

Plant vs animal

Bill Nye: Cells
Eukaryopolis: The City of Animal Cells
Ecology Videos Playlist:
Levels of Organization
Earth a Rocky Planet
Earth Face
Layers of the Earth
Earth's Layers
Continental Drift & Plate Tectonics
Alfred Wegener
Mantle Convection 
Major Tectonic Plates & The Ring of Fire

Joe Carmona

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